Days of the week

The days of the week in Portuguese have rather bizarre names. However, they have an interesting history. Although ancient Latin established a relationship between the days of the week, the moon, and the pagan gods, the Portuguese related the days of the week differently.

The names of the different days of the week are associated with the days of the old fairs. Exceptions are the days of Saturday and Sunday.

So the days of the week in Portuguese are:

“Segunda-feira = 2ª-feira” – Monday

“Terça-feira = 3ª-feira”– Tuesday

“Quarta-feira = 4ª-feira” – Wednesday

“Quinta-feira = 5ª-feira” – Thursday

“Sexta-feira = 6ª-feira” – Friday

“Sábado” – Saturday

“Domingo” – Sunday

“Segunda-feira” (or Monday) means “second fair”. “Terça-feira” (or Tuesday) means “third fair.” We can apply the same logic for Wednesday, Thursday and Friday.

So the question is: why does the week start with “second fair” and not “first fair”?

The answer is because the first day of the week is “Domingo” (Sunday), which is related to the word “Domini” that comes from Latin. “Domini” means the day of God.

According to Portuguese culture, the first day of the week should be dedicated to God, the creator of the world.

The days of the week in Portuguese reveal two interesting things about the Portuguese culture:

1. Portugal as a religious and monotheistic country

2. The relationship between the Portuguese and trade

On a day-to-day basis, the Portuguese often do not use the word “feira = fair” because when they say “Segunda = Monday”, the receiver will understand that it is Monday. The same logic applies for all other days of the week (except Saturday and Sunday).

Regarding Saturday, this word is related to “sabbath.” It is believed that there is a relationship between this word and Judaism.

It is very common to see the abbreviated days of the week. Examples:

2ª-f = Monday

3ª-f = Tuesday

Sáb = Saturday

Dom = Sunday

Example of use:

“Aberto de terça a sábado das 10:00 às 19:00” – Open from Tuesday to Saturday from 10.00 to 19.00 Hrs.

We hope you have enjoyed this article!